Volume 13, Issue 2 (2022)                   JHS 2022, 13(2): 25-54 | Back to browse issues page

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Allahyari H, Afkhami Amaleh Qashqai P, Hatami A H. The role of urban society and western urban planning in the continuity and evolution of physical-spatial of Tehran in the Nasserite era. JHS 2022; 13 (2) :25-54
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-49883-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of History, Persian Gulf University , hasanallahyari@gmail.com
2- PhD student in history of Bushehr Persian Gulf University
3- Assistant Professor of History, Imam Khomeini International University
Abstract:   (1698 Views)
Urban planning of Tehran until the period of Naser al-Din Shah continued in the style of urban planning of the Safavid period. This method only met the needs of a traditional city in various limited political, economic and social dimensions. From the time of Nasser al-Din Shah, Tehran as the capital of Iran in the Qajar period and in the face of the Western world became a platform for developments in the field of urban planning and a model for other cities in Iran in this field; However, these developments did not enter the city in its pure Western form and appeared in a mixed and influenced by the traditional Iranian society. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to investigate the impact of Western civilization and urban society of Tehran on the continuity and physical-spatial evolution of the city in the Naseri period. This research based on descriptive-analytical method has investigated this issue. The findings of this study show that the physical part of Tehran entered a new phase during the reign of Nasser al-Din Shah, influenced by Western civilization. These physical-spatial changes were not simply influenced by the modern Western world; Rather, indigenous cultural and artistic forces combined new influences with Iranian architecture. These developments were achieved on the one hand in the method of urban renewal in various dimensions and on the other hand in the quantitative dimension and the growth, reproduction and multiplicity of elements of the city.
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: History
Published: 2022/03/1

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