Volume 12, Issue 2 (2021)                   JHS 2021, 12(2): 341-364 | Back to browse issues page

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Taheri S. Historical Variation of Safeguarding places for the Sacred Object, a Sociological Analysis. JHS 2021; 12 (2) :341-364
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-48049-en.html
Head of the Art studies Department, Art University of Isfahan , s.taheri@aui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2067 Views)
As problem-oriented research in the field of Sociology of culture, this article tries to pursue the concept of “Sacred object”, its position and value, and displacement of its guarding places over time. Derived from the Latin root Sacer, the meaning of sacred is dedicated or consecrated. Durkheim saw religion as a system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, and Otto wrote about a non-rational, non-sensory experience whose primary object is outside the self. Kant’s description of the beautiful and the sublime, as two subjective universal judgments, can explain our aesthetic perception of a sacred object. Weber has determined three types of legitimate rule: charismatic, traditional, and legal-rational authority. Even though all these three types are still prevalent today, we can propose a historical trend for this tripartite classification, a century after expressing the theory: ancient charismatic rule, historical rule based on succession, and the modern state. Sanctuaries and palaces are premodern places to guard the sacred objects, related to the two basic types of legitimate authority. However, museums have inherited this position in the modern period, as the most substantial institutions to protect the selected objects. A museum turns a thing into an object in the process of museality, involving selection, separation, and framing. A ritual/religious object may lose its virtue in this process, yet a regular thing may earn sanctity. To communicate with the sacred object is a non-obligatory, optional, internal, and subjective experience that depends on each visitor’s background, age, interest, and knowledge.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: History
Published: 2021/02/24

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