Volume 14, Issue 1 (2022)                   JHS 2022, 14(1): 147-188 | Back to browse issues page

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Tohidlou س. Thinkers and activists of the constitutional era in Iran and the issue of the fundamental rights of the nation. JHS 2022; 14 (1) :147-188
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-57923-en.html
Assistant Professor of Social Studies , smtohidlou@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1006 Views)
The purpose of this article is a historical study of the concept of fundamental rights and freedoms among constitutional thinkers. The article sought to provide a precise definition of rights, by the method of historical analysis, by more than 30 constitutional clerics and intellectuals; And try to offer an appropriate classification of each of their encounters with rights and freedoms. The conceptual and theoretical framework under consideration is how Kant and Rawls formed the modern subject; On the other hand, the existing categories of rights. Eventually, a ranges emerged in which believers believed that "freedom causes the spread of heresy and opposition to Islam"; "Political rights or the rights of the king and the humans"; "Economic and social rights to consolidate society"; "Personal and political rights" and "Fundamental rights and public freedoms as citizenship rights".
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: History
Published: 2022/09/22

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