Volume 14, Issue 2 (2023)                   JHS 2023, 14(2): 317-351 | Back to browse issues page

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Mardani Korani P, torabiFarsani S, Boushasb Gousheh F. Analysing the role of local Khans and headmen of villages in the establishment and expansion of new schools in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiari. JHS 2023; 14 (2) :317-351
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-57029-en.html
1- PhD Student of History, Najafabad Branch, Iamic Azad University
2- Assistant Professor, Department of History. Najafabad Branch, Iamic Azad University , stfarsani1963@gamil.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of History. Najafabad Branch, Iamic Azad University
Abstract:   (1318 Views)
Until the end of the Qajar period, the educational system was more in line with the traditional system. No significant steps were taken in the field of education. 
Applying modern education in Iranian society made a fundamental change in the field of teaching and training, during which new-style schools were built in various regions. 
Due to the predominant nomadic and rural texture in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari region, the government faced with serious challenges to implement the modern education system. Accordingly, local Khans and headmen of villages, as influencers in Bakhtiari society, had important impacts on the education by relying on their socio-political positions. 
This research follows a descriptive-analytical method based on documents and library studies.
 It will address the question of what role the local Khans and headmen of villages played in establishing new schools in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari region and what challenges they faced in this direction. 
The findings of the research show that Bakhtiari Khans were influenced by society. They encouraged their children to have higher education; In order to increase the level of literacy, they set up schools even at their own expense. 
The local headmen of villages, who mediated between the government and the people, also played an influential role in the construction, reconstruction, and financing schools.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: History
Published: 2023/03/19

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