Volume 14, Issue 2 (2023)                   JHS 2023, 14(2): 285-316 | Back to browse issues page

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Safari A, Hazeri A M. The revival and consolidation of Qom seminary in modern Iran. JHS 2023; 14 (2) :285-316
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-55535-en.html
1- PhD. Student of Sociology, Tarbiat Modares University
2- Associate Professor, sociology department, Tarbiat Modares Univesity , hazeri_a@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1291 Views)
This article explores the genesis and consolidation of the Qom religious seminary in modern Iran. It’s argued that the emergence of this religious institution in Iran as a rival to seminaries in Iraq’s shrine cities, was the result of transformations within the Shia clergy and material forces in the Middle East. Contrary to the orthodox view that seeks a transcendental origin for this institution, it’s argued here that the almost simultaneous emergence of the modern state in Iran and Qom seminary was not a paradoxical process. It's argued here that following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the gradual decline of religious seminaries in Najaf and Karbala, Shia ulama were in need of a new place to survive. That material change encouraged them to relocate to Iran and work with a state that was deemed secular. 

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: History
Published: 2023/03/19

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