Volume 8, Issue 2 (2016)                   MJSS 2016, 8(2): 1-19 | Back to browse issues page

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Ashrafi M, Ashrafi M. Historic Sociology of Baha’i Sect Based on the Intellectual and Social Backgrounds Involved in the Creation of This Sect During Qajar Period. MJSS. 2016; 8 (2) :1-19
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-8953-en.html
1- PhD in contemporary Iranian history, a researcher in Institute for Strategic Studies Karimeh, Shiraz, Iran.
2- PhD in Political Sciences, Research Institute for Strategic Studies Karimeh, researcher Al-Mustafa International University, Qom, Iran.
Abstract:   (8931 Views)
Although Sheikhiyya sect has nothing to do with Babism and Baha’ism regarding their beliefs, presenting deviated beliefs and teachings, which were not in accordance to the established Shia doctrine, paved the way for false claims of Sayyed Ali Mohammad Shirazi. Sayyed Ali Mohammad was a follower of Sheikh Ehsayi sect and an apprentice of Sayyed Kazem Rashti, the former leader of Sheikhiyya sect, and founded so many of his primary claims on Sheikhiyya teachings and doctrine.
With respect to the importance of Sheikh Ahmad Ehsayi and Sayyed Kazem Rashti’s claims in founding the primary doctrine of Babism, Mirza Hosseinali Nouri, known as ‘Baha Allah’, calls them as ‘Nourin Nirin’ and claims they are his prophets and Babism missionaries. In fact, the first followers of Babism were those who believed in Sheikhiyya.
During the next 6 years since the beginning of Babism until the execution of its leader in Iran, some events such as the uprising in Tabarsi Castle as well as some upheaval in Zanjan and Tabriz took place which led to the execution of Bab and his followers. This sect, since its early days in Qajar period has been spread in Iran and some other regions in the world. Baha’ism was founded by Baha Allah and was promoted and reformed by Abd al-Baha and Shoqi Efendi.
Despite its idealistic propaganda, Baha’ism acts as an awkward and oppressing sect and like any other sect, all its followers serve to the purpose of its founding members and leaders.
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Article Type: Original Manuscript |
Published: 2016/09/22

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