Volume 14, Issue 1 (2022)                   JHS 2022, 14(1): 237-260 | Back to browse issues page

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Assistance Professor of political science , hassanifar@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1373 Views)
 
The most common and important theory related to the relations between the people and the state in the history of Iran is the "contradiction between the state and the nation". This view has been expressed explicitly or implicitly by Mohammad Ali Homayoun Katozian and some others. In Katozian's view, the cycle of "tyranny, chaos, tyranny" about the relationship between the people and the state in the history of Iran is discussed. The "conflict" view points to the important role of the political system in the way people deal with the state in the history of Iran, where there have always been situations such as "challenge", "conflict" and "conflict". This article seeks to critically evaluate this view from the perspective of "Iranian identity." It is claimed that the view of conflict cannot explain the essence of the relationship between the people and the state in the history of Iran. In line with the claim of the article, the existence of convergence and alignment between the people and the state in the history of Iran and the commonalities between them is emphasized that the rejection of these commonalities can be seen in a territory called "Iranian identity" which has been proven. Because in the discussion of "Iranian identity", the people and the state subconsciously align and even cooperate, and this cooperation has led to the development, deepening and continuation of the Iranian identity and its dimensions and branches throughout its history.
Components such as the political system and land, tradition, custom, religion and culture and other Iranian historical figures are prominent in this regard.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: History
Published: 2022/09/22

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