Volume 4, Issue 2 (2012)                   JHS 2012, 4(2): 173-191 | Back to browse issues page

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Neyestani J, Hatamian M J, MousaviKoohpar S M, Hatam G A. Analysis of Continuity of Chahar - Taqi Architecture from Sassanid to Islamic Period in Iran with Emphasis on the Archetypal Method of Critic. JHS 2012; 4 (2) :173-191
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-5399-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D.Student, Department of Archaeology,TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department ofArchaeology, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran
4- Professor, University of the Arts,Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (11544 Views)
Chahar-taqi is a valuable form of Iranian architecture used in the construction of religious and other types of structures in pre-and post-Islamic periods.According to the available archaeological evidence, it has been used in pre-Islamic architecture, especially from the Median period as a plan for construction of fire altars. After a while, this form of architecture became more common, and was used in the construction of such structures as palace. The Chahar- taqi plan was also used during the Islamic period, although there are limited vestiges of its use in the first four centuries of Islamic period. However, with the rise of Seljuk dynasty, and the need to expand the architectural spaces like mosques, this construction plan was widely used in the construction of mosques, palaces and castles. Based on the archetype hypothesis by Jung, the authors set out to analyze the reasons for selecting this architecture form and its continuation from Sassanid to the Islamic period by mentioning evidences of its sacred aspect in Islamic sources. In other words, the question is whether chahar-tag (four-typed) architecture is a model derived from the common beliefs of the society or unconscious tribal mind of pre-Islamic peoples of Iran, found its way, gained ground and evolved in human mind in this land, and used in the construction of other structures such as palaces, castles, mosques and tomb monuments.    
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Published: 2013/04/29

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