Volume 4, Issue 2 (2012)                   JHS 2012, 4(2): 145-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Yousofi A, Hashemi S M R, Bostan Z. A Critical Discourse Analysis of Iranian Identity in Ferdowsi'sShahnameh (Case Study: The Story of Siavash). JHS 2012; 4 (2) :145-171
URL: http://jhs.modares.ac.ir/article-25-5308-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
2- Associate Professor, Department of English, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
3- M. A. in Social sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad; Researcher at JahadDaneshgahi, Mashhad Branch
Abstract:   (11150 Views)
Narrating the past history of Iranians, Ferdowsi'sShahnameh has transferred major elements of Iranian identity throughout the centuries. To identify Iranian vs. non-Iranian identity and the contexts leading to the creation of Shahnameh, the present paper has employed critical discourse analysis (CDA). The findings of a textual analysisof the story of Siavash indicate that the discourse of Iranian identity has been shaped through confrontation with that of Aniranian, and in both discourses, the political dimension of identity has been more important. Ferdowsi regards the political institute as the guardian of freedom and independence of Iran. In fact, taking into consideration the conditions of the time and the conquest of Iran by the Arabs and their dominance, Ferdowsi tried to propose his political ideas in "an ideal king". Enjoying divine charisma, justice and wisdom, the ideal king is the nodal point in the discourse of Iranian identity. In contrast, the king of Aniran has been delegitimized as the nodal point of Aniranian identity, lacking divne charisma, justice and wisdom.    
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Article Type: Case Report |
Published: 2013/04/29

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