Volume 6, Issue 3 (2014)                   MJSS 2014, 6(3): 57-87 | Back to browse issues page

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velayati R. Studying the Buddhist Art based on the Archaeological History of the Central Asian Countries. MJSS. 2014; 6 (3) :57-87
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-25-10860-en.html
Assistant Professor of Archaeology at Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1425 Views)
This article seeks to answer this question that how the Buddist art could grow and develop in the Central Asian countries. The Muryan Empire of the Bactrian State (321-185 BC), in the mid-third century BC, tried to promote the Buddhist sect in the West. The Kushanas (near 100 BC) stablished a new civilization in the history of Bactria. Afterwards, the Kushanas Empire became the eastern neigbour of the Sasanian Empire. Then Kushanaz territory was conquered by the Sasanian Empire. From the sttelement period of the Central Asia Budhist, four kinds of art works have been discovered: 1) Graffiti; 2) Architecture of Buddhist temples; and 3) Buddhist iconography; and 4) Kushanas art and jewelery. The ancient city of Termez in the south of Uzbakistan has an important role in this sect as a main center of Buddhism. In the north part of Termez, in a place named “Qara Tepe”, of an anciant monastery have been discovered in including the Khalchyan palace. Afrasiab, Samarkand in Uzbekistan is the most important archaeological site that underscores the art works of this period. What connects Marve in the Sasanian Turkmenstan with the East is a stupa Buddhist temple built outside the wall of the city.
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Article Type: Research Paper |
Received: 2014/12/21 | Accepted: 2014/09/23 | Published: 2015/05/13

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